colors

c a s h m e r e   i n f o

 

CLASSIFICATION

Specialty hair fiber.

SOURCE

The Cashmere (Kashmir) or down goat. From the fine, soft undercoat or underlayer of hair. The straighter and coarser outer coat is called guard hair.

GEOGRAPHIC ORIGIN

From the high plateaus of Asia. Significant supplier countries are: China, Mongolia and Tibet. Today, little is supplied by the Kashmir Province India, from which its name is derived. The cashmere products of this area first attracted the attention of Europeans in the early 1800s.

GATHERING PROCESS

The specialty animal hair fibers are collected during molting seasons when the animals naturally shed their hairs. Goats molt during a several-week period in spring. In China and Mongolia, the down is removed by hand with a coarse comb. The animals are sheared in Iran, Afghanistan, New Zealand and Australia.

PRODUCTION

The coarse hairs and down hairs of the cashmere goat and camel are separated by a mechanical process known as dehairing.

ANNUAL YIELD

Up to one pound of fiber per goat, with the average 4 to 6 ounces of underdown.

WARMTH

Natural light-weight insulation without bulk. Extremely warm to protect goats from cold mountain temperatures. Fibers are highly adaptable and are easily constructed into fine or thick yarns, and light to heavy-weight fabrics. Appropriate for all climates. A high moisture content allows insulation properties to change with the relative humidity in the air.

HAND

Luxuriously soft, with high napability and loft.

NATURAL COLORS

Gray, brown and white.

DYEABILITY

Capable of dyeing to a broad range of colors. Accepts dye equally as well as wool.

GARMENT CARE

Dry clean wovens; knit goods may be handwashed.

END USES

Men's and women's coats, jackets and blazers, skirts, hosiery, sweaters, gloves, scarves, mufflers, caps and robes.
 
© CCMI, Boston MA, USA